The word “Tory” is typically associated with a branch of conservatism in British politics-but not many know the Irish roots of the term.The word Tory comes from “Tóraidhe” or “Tóraí”-the word for bandit/brigand-specifically referring to “pursued men.”But how did the Irish term for a robber come to be used to refer to Conservatives?During the Cromwellian Conquest of Ireland in 1649, opponents of Cromwell and supporters of the Monarchy-such as the Cavaliers-were often referred to as tóraí, in a derogatory manner meant to disgrace or abuse those targeted with the term.Following the restoration of the Monarchy with Charles II, a succession debate arose; should his brother James II-who was a catholic-be allowed to ascend, or should he be excluded on grounds of his faith?From this debate two factions arose.The first was the “Whigs”.The Whigs were named after the Whiggamor, a term used to berate Scottish Covenanters during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms.Vehemently anti-catholic, the Whigs wanted to exclude James II from the throne due to his faith-fearing his reign and his heirs would threaten Protestantism in England and Scotland.Those not in favour of excluding James-regardless of their other beliefs-came to be known first as Abhorrers-in reference to their “abhorrence” at the exclusion of the heir.Enter Titus Oates, infamous English perjurer.Titus Oates-known also as Titus the Liar-despised Catholics and the Catholic Church, and thus fabricated a document that suggested a plot by Catholics to murder King Charles II-this became known as the Popish Plot.Anyone who initially denounced or mocked his claims was referred to by him as a Tory-indicating that they are an “Irish bandit”, due to the fact that at the time the Irish were commonly implicated as being part of said Popish Plots.Over time, the term was used more commonly to refer to anyone who sympathised or even encouraged the ascension of James II to the throne.From this, Whiggism and Toryism as political terms were born.After the 17th Century, the term was used all over the world to describe various groups, but typically those who subscribed to conservative and traditionalist ideas within the British Empire/United Kingdom. Such people stay in their limits and are fearless. Henry Ireton first led a sweep of County Wicklow and the south midlands in September–October 1650 to try to clear it of tory guerrillas. Torai is not very commonly used baby name for boy. The name Torai is suitable for baby born in to deliver the stories that are important to you. Rapparees have been depicted in fiction, for example in Thomas Flanagan's Year of the French, "Joshua's son Jonathan, who in 1690 had raised his company to serve King William at the Boyne and Aughrim and Limerick, rode home to Mount Pleasant and defended it for five years against the sporadic sallies of the rapparees, the swordsmen, masterless now, of the defeated James Stuart. There was a long tradition of guerrilla warfare in Ireland before the 1690s. U.S. Census Bureau: Frequently Occurring Surnames from the Census 2000 (public domain). Adverts.ie | , Access to the comments facility has been disabled for this user, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, TheJournal.ie supports the work of the Press Council of Ireland and the Office of the Press Ombudsman, and our staff operate within the Code of Practice. But the heath is the home of the wild rapparee He outrode the soldiers who hunted him down ". Rapparees or raparees (from the Irish ropairí, plural of ropaire, meaning half-pike or pike-wielding person) were Irish guerrilla fighters who operated on the Jacobite side during the 1690s Williamite war in Ireland.Subsequently, the name was also given to bandits and highwaymen in Ireland – many former guerrillas having turned to crime after the war ended. There's a plain wooden cross on which this is inscribed: Sites: English. I was sentenced to death being a wild rapparee, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rapparee&oldid=987509849#Wood_kerne_and_Tories, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 14:35. By mentioning Ireland Simpsons Fans, of course.