If this I do not hence conclude that none of them are to be read: It is necessary for a Gentleman in this loarned Age to look into some of them, to fit himself for Conversation. §. Page  134 We would be thought Rational Creatures, and have our Freedom; we love not to be uneasie, under constant Rebukes and Brow-beatings; nor can we bear severe Humours, and great Distance in those we converse with. Dr. Worthington, to avoid this, has made a Catechism, which has all its Answers in the pre∣cise Words of the Scripture. The sooner you treat him as a Man, The sooner he will begin to be one: And if you ad∣mit him into serious Discourses some∣times with you, you will insensibly raise his Mind above the usual A muse∣ments of Youth, and those trifling This is the main Point, and this being provided for, Learning, may be had into the Bargain, and that, as I think, at a very easie rate, by Methods that may be thought on. On the contrary, I would have their Lives made as pleasant and as a∣greeable to them, as may be, in a plen∣tiful enjoyment of whatsoever might innocently delight them: Provided it be with this Caution, that they have those Enjoyments, only as the Conse∣quences of the State of Esteem and Ac∣ceptation, they are in with their Pa∣rents and Governors, but they should never be offer'd or bestow'd on them as the Rewards of this or that particular Performance, that they shew an Aver∣sion to, or to which they would not have applied themselves without that Temptation. I say, your self look after him, for it is worth the Father's while, what∣ever Business he has, to bestow Two or Three Days upon his Son, to cure fo great a Mischief as is Sauntring at his Business. Make but few Laws, but see they be well observed, when once made. The Latin Tongue would easily be taught the same way if his Tutor, being constantly with him, would talk nothing else to him, and make him answer still in the same Language. We are not to intrench upon Truth in any Conversation, but least of all with Children; since if we play false with them, we not only deceive their Ex∣pectation, and hinder their Know∣ledge, but corrupt their Innocence, and teach them the worst of Vices. I have seen Parents so heap Rules on their Children, that it was impossible for the poor little ones to remember a Tenth Part of them, much less to observe them. They easily perceive when they are slighted, or deceived, and quickly learn the trick of Neglect, Dissimula∣tion, and Falshood, which they ob∣serve others to make use of. The former sort of Crying requires severity to silence it, and where a Look or a positive Command will not do it, Blows must. Beef, Mutton, Veal, &c. without other Sawce than Hunger, is best; and great care should be used, that he eat Bread plentifully, both alone and with every thing else. A Noble Venetian, whose Son wal∣lowed in the Plenty of his Father's Riches, finding his Son's Expences grow very high and extravagant, or∣dered his Casheer to let him have for the future, no more Money, than what he should count, when he re∣ceived it. It is the proper state of one sick, and out of or∣der in his Health, and is tolerable in no body else, of what Age or Condi∣tion soever. Page  159 Page  42 If they were never suffered to obtain their desire by the Impatience they expressed for it, they would no more cry for other Things, than they do for the Moon. they take vent, when they are ea∣siest to be subdued, which will be of great use to them in the future course of their Lives. 26. But since the Occasions of Punishment, especially Beating, are as much to be avoided as may be, I think it should not be often brought to this Point: If the Awe I spoke of be once got, a Look will be sufficient in most Cases. The many Inconveniencies this Life is exposed to, require we should He felt humans should create theories according to experience and test them with experiments. You are now, by the Accusto∣ming of his tender Years, to indispose him to those Inconveniences, as much as you can: And that will be no small Advantage, that Contrary Practice having made Sitting up uneasie to him, it will make him often avoid, and ve∣ry seldom propose Mid-night-Revels. But the Four Dice above-mentioned, I think so easy, and useful, that it will be hard to find any better, and there will be scarce need of any other. Manners, as they call it, a∣bout * which Children are so often perplexed, and have so many goodly Exhortations made them, by their wise Maids and Governesses, I think, are rather to be learnt by Example than Rules; and then Children, if kept out of ill Company, will take a pride, to behave themselves prettily, af∣ter the fashion of others, perceiving themselves esteemed and commen∣ded for it. Another thing very ordi∣nary * in the Vulgar Method of Gram∣mar-Schools there is, of which I see no use at all, unless it be to balk young Lads in the way to learning Langua∣ges, which, in my Opinion, should be made as easie and pleasant as may be; and that which was painful in it, as much as possible quite removed. Page  [unnumbered] §. 170. I know a Per∣son of great Quality (more yet to be honoured for his Learning and Vertue, than for his Rank and high Place) who by pasting on the six Vowels (for in our language Y is one) on the six sides of a Die, and the remaining eighteen Consonants on the sides of three other Dice, has made this a play for his Chil∣dren, that he shall win, who at one cast throws most Words on these four Dice; whereby his eldest Son, yet in Coats, has play'd himself into Spelling with great eagerness, and without once having been child for it, or forced to it. Page  186 Plenty of o∣pen Air, Exercise and Sleep; Plain Diet, no Wine or Strong Drink, and very little or no Physick; not too Warm and straight Clothing, especially the Head and Feet kept cold, and the Feet often used to cold Water, and exposed to wet. Another Reason why I am not for Painting in a Gen∣tleman, is, Because it is a sedentary Recreation, which more employs the in him, that it may operate as a natural Principle, whereof he never perceived the beginning, never knew that it was or could be otherwise. 150. But whatever he Consults you about, unless it lead to some fa∣tal and irremediable Mischief, be sure you advise only as a Friend of more Experience; but with your Advice mingle nothing of Command or Au∣thority, no more than you wou•d to