[8][9] Unlike Ovid's version, it ended with Narcissus who lost his will to live and committed suicide. She was heartbroken and spent the rest of her life in lonely glens until nothing but an echo sound remained of her. The Myth of Narcissus Narcissistic personality disorder is named for the Greek myth of Narcissus, of which there are several versions. However, he never found anyone he thought was as attractive as he was; he left a string of broken-hearted girls (and a few young men) everywhere he went. In Rick Riordan's Heroes of Olympus series, Narcissus appears as a minor antagonist in the third book The Mark of Athena. Greek mythology is known to associate the myths with nature, and the flower narcissus would be a reminder of the fate of the beautiful man. Margaret R.B. released "Narcissus" an album and ballet staged in Gothenburg. 40" in 1911 for Sergei Diaghilev's Ballets Russes and was danced by Nijinski. Narcissus is the name of Laurel and Hardy's goat in their 1940 film Saps At Sea. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Narcissus-Greek-mythology, Narcissus - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Narcissus - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In Ovid’s version, which … 1972), a near-23-minute epic song laden with religious and mythological imagery, refers to the myth of Narcissus as follows: A young figure sits still by the pool / He's been stamped "Human Bacon" by some butchery tool / (He is you) / Social Security took care of this lad. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He stepped away and told her to leave him alone. During the two or three little outbursts of passion she has allowed herself in your favor, she has, by a great effort of imagination, seen in you the hero of her dreams, and not yourself as you really are. MYTHS. In Freudian psychiatry and psychoanalysis, the term narcissism denotes an excessive degree of self-esteem or self-involvement, a condition that is usually a form of emotional immaturity. German composer Matthias Pintscher composed his first cello concerto based on this mythology figure, titled Reflections on Narcissus. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Echo and Narcissus. Narcissus is a figure from Greek mythology who was so impossibly handsome that he fall in love with his own image reflected in a pool of water. Narcissus was a figure in ancient Greek mythology, son of the nymph Liriope and river deity Cephissus. He had gained many female admirers, entranced by his beauty, but he … From fruits to winged sandals, test your knowledge in this study of Greek and Roman mythology. He had prayed to the gods to give Narcissus a lesson for all the pain he provoked. Narcissus, in Greek mythology, the son of the river god Cephissus and the nymph Liriope.He was distinguished for his beauty. Naomi Iizuka's play Polaroid Stories, a contemporary rewrite of the Orpheus and Eurydice myth, features Narcissus as a character. Narcissus sensed he was being followed and shouted "Who's there?". Even the lovely nymph Echo could not manage to tempt him from his self-absorption. Who led the Argonauts in search of the Golden Fleece? Narcissus looks at his own reflection in a river and suddenly falls in love with himself. According to Tzetzes, he was a Laconian hunter who loved everything beautiful. As Tiresias has prophesied, Narcissus will live to an old age…if he never comes to know himself. This quality, in turn, defines narcissistic personality disorder, a condition marked by grandiosity, excessive need for admiration, and an inability to empathize. Herman Melville references the myth of Narcissus in his novel Moby-Dick, in which Ishmael explains the myth as "the key to it all," referring to the greater theme of finding the essence of Truth through the physical world. He is accompanied by the character Echo who he continuously spurns. On Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen's A Fada Oriana, the eponymous protagonist is punished with mortality for abandoning her duties in order to stare at herself in the surface of a river. The god of the woods, Pan, often chased after her, but he could never catch Echo. Narcissus, in Greek mythology, the son of the river god Cephissus and the nymph Liriope. The four fundamental exigencies of the myth's structure include the incest prohibition which symbolically castrates the human subject, the incestuous desire as a result of this The Neon Demon, a 2016 psychological horror film by Nicolas Winding Refn, is loosely based on the story of Narcissus. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Greco/Roman. Usually, he is said to have wasted away longing to be with his mirror self, but in other stories he kills himself upon realizing he cannot have his own reflection as a lover.