Philosophically, Wittgenstein's thought shows alignment with religious discourse. Frank P. Ramsey visited him on 17 September 1923 to discuss the Tractatus; he had agreed to write a review of it for Mind. In 1914, it had been providing him with an income of 300,000 Kronen a year, but by 1919 was worth a great deal more, with a sizable portfolio of investments in the United States and the Netherlands. He had asked the pianist to play Thomas Koschat's "Verlassen, verlassen, verlassen bin ich" ("Forsaken, forsaken, forsaken am I"), before mixing himself a drink of milk and potassium cyanide. He was a slow learner, and one day Wittgenstein hit him two or three times on the head, causing him to collapse. He once said he felt as though he was writing for people who would think in a different way, breathe a different air of life, from that of present-day men. [49][50] Psychiatrist Michael Fitzgerald argues that Karl was a harsh perfectionist who lacked empathy, and that Wittgenstein's mother was anxious and insecure, unable to stand up to her husband. Hacker, P. M. S. "Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann", in Ted Honderich (ed.). [207], While he was in Ireland in March 1938, Germany annexed Austria in the Anschluss; the Viennese Wittgenstein was now a citizen of the enlarged Germany and a Jew under the 1935 Nuremberg racial laws, because three of his grandparents had been born as Jews. [191], Piribauer tried to have Wittgenstein arrested, but the village's police station was empty, and when he tried again the next day he was told Wittgenstein had disappeared. "[148] In Norway it was clear that Moore was expected to act as Wittgenstein's secretary, taking down his notes, with Wittgenstein falling into a rage when Moore got something wrong. "[196] From 1926, with the members of the Vienna Circle, Wittgenstein would take part in many discussions. Wittgenstein maintained frequent correspondence with Fouracre during his time away displaying a desire for Fouracre to return home urgently from the war.[228]. It was Moore who suggested Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus for the title, an allusion to Baruch Spinoza's Tractatus Theologico-Politicus. [245] Wittgenstein argues that philosophers must leave the frictionless ice and return to the "rough ground" of ordinary language in use. Before the completion of his manuscripts, Ludwig died On April 29, 1951. It is as though I had before me nothing more than a long stretch of living death. [188] Ramsey wrote to John Maynard Keynes: [Wittgenstein's family] are very rich and extremely anxious to give him money or do anything for him in any way, and he rejects all their advances; even Christmas presents or presents of invalid's food, when he is ill, he sends back. The violence apart, Monk writes that he quickly became a village legend, shouting "Krautsalat!" This is the fundamental problem of logic![145]. According to Feigl (as reported by Monk), upon attending a conference in Vienna by mathematician L. E. J. Brouwer, Wittgenstein remained quite impressed, taking into consideration the possibility of a "return to Philosophy". [255], Despite its deep influence on analytical philosophy, Wittgenstein's work did not always gain a positive reception. "[155], In January 1917, he was sent as a member of a howitzer regiment to the Russian front, where he won several more medals for bravery including the Silver Medal for Valour, First Class. He was made famous for his discipline and introduction of appropriate activities. At the urging of Ramsey and others, Wittgenstein returned to Cambridge in 1929. Above all, Wittgenstein continued to write the Tractatus book. Wittgenstein was baptized as an infant by a Catholic priest and received formal instruction in Catholic doctrine as a child, as was common at the time. Russell returned to Cambridge after a backlash in America to his writings on morals and religion. [188], He moved schools again in September 1924, this time to Otterthal, near Trattenbach; the socialist headmaster, Josef Putre, was someone Wittgenstein had become friends with while at Trattenbach. [17][18] Three of his four brothers committed suicide, which Wittgenstein had also contemplated. In 1908 Ludwig moved to England with the aim of getting an engineering course. [34], After G. E. Moore resigned the chair in philosophy in 1939, Wittgenstein was elected, and acquired British citizenship soon afterwards. On starting at the Realschule, Wittgenstein had been moved forward a year. His teacher, Bertrand Russell, described Wittgenstein as, perhaps the most perfect example I have ever known of genius as traditionally conceived; passionate, profound, intense, and dominating.