Click here to learn about the other principles! If things are looking stiff and mechanical, analyze the action and look for any opportunities—both large and small—to add overlap, drag, and follow-through. Follow Through and Overlapping Action are two techniques that help make the action richer and fuller with detail and subtlety. If a car stops moving, the antenna on top will keep moving for a second. The car races off and your body wants to stay in place causing you to sink back into your seat—or drag behind. Earrings, clothing, hair, and props can all provide overlapping action and add another level of detail and believability to make your animation stand out. Overlapping action is the idea that different parts of a body will move at different rates. Every artwork in this board remains the property of the respective copyright holders, should inclusion of specific work offend any of you in some way, please contact us directly so we can remove it. The block is the hips and the tail is the spine. Overlapping action on a ponytail for example can echo any body and head movement. Just think of the block and the tail only flipped upside down. Think of a squirrel’s tail for example, sometimes it’s along for the ride moving only when the body moves, and other times it can move on it’s own, as an anticipation or counter balance for a jump. A common mistake in student work is the hips, torso, and head feeling like they are connected with a steel rod. Follow Through is the idea that loosely connected parts of a body or object will continue moving after the character has stopped. To achieve more realism make the same parts move at different speed with “overlapping action.” Notice how the plate moves in the example below: Slow In and Slow Out. Follow Through and Overlapping Action refers to two closely related techniques which help to render movement more realistically, and help to give the impression that characters follow the laws of physics, including the principle of inertia. Follow-through is … OVERLAPPING ACTIONS make for your animation more fluid. If the driver slams on the breaks your body wants to keep going, hopefully your seat belt catches you from overlapping right into the windshield. Is it a 20-pound chain made out of solid lead, or a tightly coiled spring? So if a character with a scarf is running, then they stop suddenly, the scarf will fly forward past the body, then fall back where the character stopped. The spine mainly supports the rib cage and the head. This causes the entire trunk of the body to move at the same time and results in a very stiff feel. Watch and create more animated gifs like 5. Its always good to come back to the basics. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. A common animation exercise used to practice overlap is the pendulum assignment in Class 1: Animation Basics. The 12 principles of animation are guidelines created by ex-Disney animators Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston. Animation Mentor is the original online animation school. A simple way to imagine this concept is to think of a car accelerating very rapidly. Both overlapping action and follow-through are ways to provide convincing motion to animation. Founded in 2005, professional working animators from major studios such as Pixar, Industrial Light & Magic, and DreamWorks teach aspiring animators to become an animator. -The overlapping action should have an appropriate reaction to the amount of force exerted on it. Follow-through is the idea that certain appendages and body parts might continue to move even after a motion is completed. Think about what the overlapping object is made of and also how tightly it is connected to the object that is influencing it. Overlap and drag can add an amazing organic and natural feel to your animation. Aside from the spine and trunk of the body, any object attached to the body can provide a great source of overlap to loosen up your animation. To paraphrase Newton’s Law of Motion: objects at rest want to stay at rest and objects in motion want to stay in motion (until acted upon by an outside force).