(October 16, 2020). Priestly, Brian, Mingus: A Critical Biography, Salem House, 1983. When his instructor proved less than able, Mingus taught himself the basics of the instrument by ear. Contemporary Musicians. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/education/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/mingus-charles-1922-1979. . "He was stung by racism a little harder than others. He is of Chinese-English-American descent and is also believed to be related to Abraham Lincoln through his grandmother. Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. Bom Charles Mingus, Jr., April 22, 1922, in Nogales, AZ; died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease) January 5, 1979, in Cuernavaca, Mexico; son of Charles Mingus (a postal worker); married first wife, Barbara Jane Parks (divorced); married last wife, Susan Graham Ungaro; children: (first marriage) Charles III. You're dilettantes of style." He also joined Ellington's band. Encyclopedia.com. Apart from his compositional and instrumental contributions, Mingus co-founded his own record label during the 1950s, and organized jazz workshops to further the study of jazz as a serious art form. Mingus recorded the performance from the bandstand and, after re-dubbing many of his bass parts, released it as the Debut album Jazz at Massey Hall. He considered Duke Ellington to be one of his greatest influences. He published his picaresque, fictionalized autobiography, Beneath the Underdog, and was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1971. After stints with Louis Armstrong and Kid Ory in the early 1940s, Mingus wrote and played for the Lionel Hampton big band from 1947 to 1948 and recorded with Red Norvo. American jazz musician Charles Mingus (1922–1979) is regarded by many as one of the best double bass players of the genre. Trumpet player Mingus/Mingus: Two Memoirs. Despite the lack of mass audience for his avant-garde explorations, he nevertheless sought commercial success in the mainstream marketplace. See also Armstrong, Louis; Coleman, Ornette; Ellington, Duke; Gillespie, Dizzy; Jazz; Monk, Thelonious Sphere; Parker, Charlie. New York: Limelight, 1991. "For about three years, I thought I was finished," he told Nat Hentoff in a 1972 New York Times interview. Jost, Ekkehart. Though he listened to the operas of Richard. Contemporary Musicians. He made his first recordings with Hampton in 1947, a session that included Mingus's first recorded composition, "Mingus Fingers." Charles Mingus Sr., served on a U.S. army base. 16 Oct. 2020 . But the moments of beautiful silence are hidden by your clanking glasses and your too wonderful conversations," he declared from the stage of New York's Five Spot one night, as recounted by Priestley. Postal Service until 1950, when vibraphonist Red Norvo invited him to be part of a trio that would also include guitarist Tal Farlow. "He's big stuff musically. ." He married Sue Graham Ungaro. The family relocated to the Watts section of Los Angeles, California, where Mingus's mother, Harriet Sophia Mingus, sought medical treatment for chronic myocarditis. Beneath the Underdog. "Mingus, Charles Trumpeter In 1975, the same year he released the albums Changes One and Changes Two, Mingus married longtime on-again, off-again partner Sue Graham Ungaro. Right Now: Live at the Jazz Workshop (recorded in 1964), >reissued, Fantasy/OJC, 1991. In performance and in composition, he demonstrated a deep understanding of virtually every style of jazz that existed during his lifetime. Rosenthal, David H.,Hard Bop: Jazz and Black Music 1955-1965, Oxford University Press, 1992. He returned to work at the post office that year as well. In Talking Jazz: An Oral History, Dizzy Gillespie recalled how President Carter “walked all the way across the lawn to Mingus, and grabbed him and hugged him.” Moved by the president’s gesture, the wheelchair-ridden bassist broke into tears. He studied with Britt Woodman, Red Callender, Lloyd Reese, and Herman Rheinschagen, and began performing professionally while still a teenager. Whether prompted by the advice of his friend Buddy Collette or a decision influenced by the requirements of joining the school band, Mingus took up the double bass, an instrument he obsessed to master. World Encyclopedia. In 1953 Mingus began participating in the highly regarded Jazz Composers Workshop, but in 1955 he formed his own workshop with a rotating cadre of musicians. Soon after the birth of his son, Sgt. Under the name “Baron Mingus and His Octet,” he cut sides for the Excelsior label that revealed his musical indebtedness to Ellington. Goldsworthy, Joan "Mingus, Charles Portrait (recorded in 1964 and 1965), Prestige. "Mingus, Charles He attended an all-star jazz concert at the White House in 1978, where he was honored with a standing ovation and a hug from President Jimmy Carter, which brought him to tears. Selected discography During the mid-1950s Mingus began to mature as a composer, modifying conventional forms by adding the startling rhythmic contrasts that would become his trademark. Inspired by the music of Duke Ellington, Mingus created jazz scores and compositions of textual color while retaining the dominant element of improvisation. In an era when most jazz musicians sought to perform music rooted in the Parker-Gillespie bebop school, Mingus’s interest in African American folk and religious music inspired unique musical concepts. He’d teach us by singing the music, phrasing it the way he wanted us to play it. Economic pressures prompted Mingus to briefly. Mingus was largely raised in the Wattsarea of Los Angeles. Encyclopedia.com. Taylor, Art, Notes and Tones: Musician to Musician Interviews, Perigee, 1982. Charles Mingus (recorded in 1965), Prestige. “It is the longest and most richly textured of jazz compositions,” assessed Time contributor John Elson, adding that the piece was “a suite of 18 sections comprising nearly 4,000 bars of music, with a performance time of more than two hours.” Composer Gunther Schuller, who conducted the 31-member ensemble that played “Epitaph,” described the work to Elson as “a musical summary of one of the great jazz composers of the century, from the sweet and gentle Mingus to the angry Mingus.”, Mingus fans will likely continue the debate over which of his many accomplishments was the greatest. "Mingus, Charles Mingus at Carnegie Hall (recorded in 1974), Atlantic. Epitaph (recorded in 1989), Columbia, 1990. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. As an instrumentalist, he lifted the bass from its traditional role as a timekeeper and harmonic regulator to that of a full participant. When Mingus finally returned to music—and the bass—in June, 1969, he was motivated mainly by economic pressures. An iconoclastic visionary, jazz bassist, composer, and pianist Charles Mingus established a movement within modern jazz that marked a departure from bebop and helped chart the course of avant-garde jazz. . Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. He released his last albums, Me, Myself an Eye and Something like a Bird, in 1978.