Companion animals are specifically referred to in the principles of the Law in Article 4, which states that 'It is a principle that the owners of cats and dogs being fed and accommodated in communal areas are expected to have them sterilised in order to prevent uncontrolled reproduction. By passing secondary legislation specifically focused on the use of animals in experimentation, including the Three Rs principle and addressing some welfare needs, the Turkish government has recognised this as an individual issue and has taken some steps to make the welfare of this category of animals a mainstream concern of society. Article 28(h) provides that anyone who breaches the prohibition on animal fighting in Article 11 is subject to a more substantial fine of one billion two hundred and fifty million Lira (since devaluation, one thousand two hundred and fifty Lira) per animal. Housing, diet, health, and transport of animals are addressed. Article 28(k) provides that anyone breaching the prohibition in Article 14(a) is subject to pay an administrative fine of two hundred and fifty million Lira (since devaluation in 2005, two hundred and fifty Lira), and to have the animal confiscated. Similarly, regulations governing the establishment and operation of zoos require multiple inspections of a facility from the local authorities before a zoo can be opened to the public. This goal explores animal protection laws in relation to various categories of animals, namely: farm animals, animals in captivity, companion animals, working animals and animals used for entertainment, animals used for scientific research and wild animals. The AMI's audit guidelines recommend that companies conduct self-audits and third party … In addition, the Government has made recent attempts to replace these provisions with approaches that would have significant adverse impacts on the welfare of dogs and cats in the country, proposing that stray or roaming dogs and cats should be caught and placed permanently in shelters or enclosed “natural parks”. Similarly, animals shall not be loaded into vehicles in such a manner that could cause injury or unnecessary pain and suffering. The Animal Welfare Institute (AWI) has sought to reduce the human-inflicted suffering of all animals since its founding in 1951. Previous proposals to ban dolphin parks and animal circuses were unsuccessful. Although the Hunting (2003) Law does prohibit some forms of hunting that result in poor welfare, it also makes provisions for hunting by tourists using methods including bow and arrow (Article 16) and thus legitimises some practices that may result in poor animal welfare. However, animal welfare does not appear to be prioritised in supplementary regulations with no further instructions or guidance for what constitutes ‘minimum living standards.’ As inspectors from local governments are not mandated to be experts in captive animal welfare, it is likely that such vague language regarding the care of animals will not result in high standards of welfare for animals in captivity. • The Government of Turkey is encouraged to pledge in principle support for the UDAW. Although the term ‘animal’ is not defined in the Law, it explicitly states that ‘all animals are born equal and have a right to life,’ thus suggesting that all animal species are included in the scope of the Law. These standards align with ethical treatment of animals, production of wholesome quality meat, respect and value of our workers and the wise use of land and water resources. Wider government stakeholders are brought into this recognition, for example through the formation of animal welfare committees under Article 15. For example, in secondary regulations regarding the rearing of chickens and calves, there is very little mention of animal welfare and no prohibited acts are included in the regulations. Article 24 of the Animal Protection Law (2004) provides that anyone who acts in breach of the provisions of the Law and in this manner seriously neglects the animals in their care or causes them pain, suffering or damage will be banned from keeping animals, and Article 28(k) provides that anyone breaching the prohibitions in Article 14(a) and (e) is subject to pay an administrative fine of two hundred and fifty million Lira (since devaluation in 2005, two hundred and fifty Lira), and to have the animal confiscated. The Animal Protection Law (2004), although apparently relevant to wild animals, does not contain detailed provisions for this category of animals. However, at present the legislation lacks a full recognition of animal sentience and as such, it is not fully effective to make animal welfare a mainstream concern of society in Turkey. To ensure proper animal and public health, any medications are administered in a judicious fashion in accordance with the American Association of Avian Pathologist’s Judicious Use Guidelines. The Regulation mandates maximum stocking density and minimum and maximum temperatures in broiler chicken facilities. Religious slaughter rules will be determined by the Ministry in charge of the Directorate of Religious Affairs. Article 6 of the Animal Protection Law (2004) approaches the issue of 'ownerless animals.' The Government has not yet pledged in principle support for the Universal Declaration on Animal Welfare. Select up to four countries and then select 'Compare' to start contrasting animal welfare standards. The National Turkey Federation, with the help of veterinarians, academics and industry professionals, has established standards through our Animal Care Guidelines. The general anti-cruelty provision in Article 14(a) of the Animal Protection Law (2004) applies to this category of animals. Although the Ministry of the Environment and Forestry has powers to make secondary regulations, the Animal Protection Act (2004) does not require that this be done or give a timescale for this to be done. Monitoring the flock includes confirming the turkeys have continuous access to fresh water, clean feathers, round, prominent eyes and general curiosity with human interaction. Article 12 of the Animal Protection Law (2004) provides that the slaughter of animals will be carried out, considering religious requirements, without frightening or startling the animal, in the least painful manner possible and as quickly as possible. These regulations ensure that all animals are cared for in a species-specific manner as well as provided rest periods during longer journeys. Animals in captivity are provided protections under both the Animal Protection Law (2004) and the supplementary regulations regarding zoos and the private keeping of wild animals. Regulation on the Transport of Live Animal and Animal Products in the country (2011) governs transport of farm animals in Turkey. The Regulation also mandates that transport vehicles be covered to provide adequate air in accordance with weather conditions and that vehicles have height and space suitable to the volume of animals being transported. No further provisions were found for the protection of draught animals. The Animal Protection Law (2004) recognises animal welfare as an individual issue, demonstrates some understanding of animal sentience and is applicable to all animals in Turkey. There are no enforcement mechanisms relevant to this indicator. However, the Ministry of the Environment and Forestry no longer appears to exist; it seems to have been replaced by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation , whose remit does not include animal protection. Many of the aspects of the OIE’s guiding principles and standards on animal welfare are recognised through specific provisions in the current legislation. This ultimately means that every animal, no matter the species or class, is provided protection under the Law. The limited scope of the current legislation does not sufficiently address the issues surrounding animals used in draught and for recreational purposes. Turkey Animal Welfare. They are required to be taken to animal shelters established or permitted by the local authorities. There is no policy or legislation related specifically to pigs. However, despite the positive content of much of the law, including some good provisions on stray population management which include a ‘Catch, Neuter, Release’ strategy, there remains a problem of stray/roaming dog and cat populations in the country.