Note that some past participles are irregular: comprendre (to understand) becomes ‘compris’, A few verbs use ‘être’ in the perfect tense. Reflexive verbs also use être. On this infographic, called “La maison d’être“, you will find French verbs that require the use of ÊTRE. Passive voice. partir - to leave - parti(e)(s). What is perfect tense? = Did you go in? elle est partie - she left. If the person who did the action was one male, then the past participle does not change: e.g. The verb être is used as the auxiliary verb with certain action verbs and also with reflexive verbs (doing to yourself). arriver - to arrive - arrivé(e)(s) il est allé = he went More Perfect Tense with Être: Use the correct part of the verb être with the following verbs. To form the past participles of ‘er’ verbs: Example: regarder (to watch) > regardé (watched). Examples: je suis parti (here masculine) = I left The perfect tense with ‘être’ A few verbs use ‘être’ in the perfect tense. The perfect tense with ‘avoir’ and ‘être’ – French, At the Supermarket: Practice French Vocabulary, The perfect tense with ‘être’ (to be) French Activities, At the Restaurant: Practice French Vocabulary, Common Words and phrases to Practice Spanish, Italian Pronouns: io, me, te, ti, tu, voi, esso, essa…. It is easy to remember them thanks to the Mrs Vandertramp acronym. Être is an auxiliary verb which is used with the past participle of several French verbs to form compound tenses such as the perfect or the past perfect. So if the person was female you must add an extra -e to the end of the past participle: e.g. The key elements needed to form the perfect tense with être are: To remember them, learn the first letter of each word: il est parti - he left. Some verbs use être as an auxiliary verb. Note that all these verbs describe a kind of movement. The perfect tense, also called ‘la passé compose’ in French, is used to describe an action in the past that is completely finished. On est sortis = We went out aller - to go - allé(e)(s) ils sont partis - they left. To form the past participles of ‘ir’ verbs: Example: finir (to finish) > fini (finished). It is easy to remember them thanks to the Mrs Vandertramp acronym. The majority of verbs in the perfect tense use ‘avoir’ and their past participle. Buongiorno!…, Interrogative Pronouns – W-Fragen German Practice. What is the Perfect Verb Tense? French has only two auxiliary verbs. Mnenomic MRS VAN DE TRAMP will help you remember! (see below) Verbs conjugated with ‘être’ in the perfect tense agree their past participle with the subject pronoun. ... the verb être is a key verb because it has auxiliary uses in forming the passive and and in forming compound tense forms such as the perfect tense of pronominal or "reflexive" verbs and of of some "unergative" verbs (see when to use avoir and when to use être). Remembering that être goes je suis, tu es, ... Then, there are a few other common verbs that form their perfect tense with être. MRS VAN DE TRAMP, venir - to come - venu(e)(s) naître - to be born - né(e)(s), tomber - to fall - tombé(e)(s) mourir - to die - mort(e)(s) Compound tenses. elles sont parties - they left. Italian Vacation Vocabulary: Basic words and phrases, French Prepositions: Position, Direction and Time, Learning French improve your love life and your job status, French Subject Pronouns: je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles, French Accents: Circumflex, Aigu accent, Trema, Grave accent, Cedilla, French Numbers: How to Count from 1 to 100, Popular Italian Greetings: Arrivederci! If 'on' refers to more than one person, the past participle must be plural: e.g. Salve! If two or more males did the action add -s: e.g. Prefect Tense Example: I have finished my homework. Verbs conjugated with ‘être’ in the perfect tense agree their past participle with the subject pronoun. Es-tu entré? The perfect tense literally means the “complete” tense. Whichever verb it is, the auxiliary is consistent for all compound conjugations: avoir verbs always take avoir as their auxiliary verb for all compound tenses and moods, while être verbs always take être. on est allés - we went. They are usually verbs that involve movement, such as aller (to go), arriver (to arrive), sortir (to go out) and partir (to leave). Avoir is the auxiliary for the vast majority of French verbs, but there are a number of notable exceptions for which être is the auxiliary. retourner - to return - retourné(e)(s) If two or more females did the action you must add -es: elle est arrivée = she arrived All of these verbs have their perfect tense formed with être. This is because it indicates an action that is finished. French verbs using ÊTRE in passé composé Verbs of movement Most French verbs use AVOIR as an auxiliary verb when conjugated in passé composé (or plus-que-parfait), but fewer verbs use the auxiliary verb ÊTRE. Use the correct part of the verb être with the following verbs. The past participle must 'agree with' who did the action. e.g. To conjugate verbs in the perfect tense, you need to know the verb ‘avoir’ in the present tense and how to form past participles. The past participle must 'agree with' who did the action. (I went to France last year.) The perfect tense with être Forming the perfect tense with être. Where can I find Spanish books and texts to read? The être conjugation tables below show how to form the French verb être according to tense and person. Je suis allée (here feminine) = I went. Example: Je suis allé en France l'année dernière. The perfect tense often puts a focus on the present even if the event occurred in the past. To form the past participles of ‘re’ verbs: Example: attendre (to wait) > attendu (waited). (see below). To remember them, learn the first letter of each word: MRS VAN DE TRAMP. The Perfect Tense with Être: The verb être is used as the auxiliary verb with certain action verbs and also with reflexive verbs (doing to yourself). Ils sont retournés = They returned